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What if you got up one morning, and the industry you were working in no longer existed? It sounds like something out of a horror movie, but for millions of people, that B-movie became an ice-cold reality due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Companies worldwide have had to let go of thousands of employees in a bid to downsize their workforce and keep their heads above water.
Job retraining is one of the ways those employees can reenter the workforce. Retraining means to train again in a new subject, for a new job, often at a new company or organization. For instance, tourism workers finding themselves without a job due to the pandemic could decide to retrain as healthcare workers, office staff, or other in-demand professions.
Difference between retraining, reskilling and upskilling
While retraining, reskilling, and upskilling are all closely related, they have some key differences:
If you’re retraining people, you’re typically teaching them new skills or are training them on a completely new subject. This could come into play when hiring new people, who have for instance recently been laid off due to the pandemic, for in-demand roles that have opened up or have been newly created at your company. It could be that you’re hiring former hospitality professionals to work as reception staff at your organization.
If you’re reskilling people, you’re likely retraining them in the skills needed for a slightly different job at the same company. Reskilling often happens after redundancy, when organizations want to keep good employees when their current role has become obsolete. Instead of letting them go, they reskill them to put their talent to use somewhere else in the company.
If you’re upskilling people, you’re teaching employees new skills to improve their performance in their current role without necessarily changing their position or career path. This is often the case when employees need to learn about new technologies or software that have been rolled out at their organization.
Why and when should you think about retraining?
Normally when you advertise for a role, you’re aiming to hire someone who already has the skills and experience you need, right? But unprecedented times call for different measures. It might be that your organization is getting overwhelmed with customer queries, and you need more staff at your call center or reception to manage the increased workload. Or perhaps you’ve experienced massive growth in the last couple of months (congrats!) and you need to expand your web, marketing or sales team to cater to the growth.
This is where retraining comes in. Why? It is likely that other companies in your industry are experiencing the same influx of calls, or the need to fill extra roles in other departments as soon as possible. This means most people with the skills specific to your vacant roles are already taken and as a result, you’re finding it difficult to fill the roles. But at the same time, there are plenty of people who’ve recently had the unfortunate experience of being laid off in, for instance, the tourism and hospitality industry. They are now looking for work, but they don’t have the right skills or experience for your admin or reception jobs. What do you do? You hire and retrain them.
Benefits of retraining
Knowledge is the key to success they say. While it may be that the people you’re retraining came to be in that position because of unfortunate circumstances, such as mass layoffs or redundancies, the beauty of jobs is that they don’t (or at least, shouldn't) define people, so people can change tack and learn something different if they need to. Here are a few of the benefits of employee retraining for both staff and organizations.
Benefits to employees
- Retraining enhances the skill set people already have, even if the job they’re retraining for is vastly different from what they used to do. Not all skills are hard skills, and many of the soft skills needed for different roles are transferable and easily built on.
- Retraining means an opportunity to learn the most in-demand skills and competencies within an industry, which sets them up for easier career progression and future employment opportunities.
- Retraining for a new role, and having the opportunity to learn and develop new skills, can help make people feel more valued and can help give them a new sense of purpose, especially after being laid off or made redundant.
Benefits to organizations
- Knowledge is key, so having more of your employees up to speed with the latest information and skills needed in your industry, will help produce better products and services, whether it’d be through improving customer service or refining processes with innovative ideas.
- Happy and content employees equal less turnover, which can save your organization time and money in the long run.
- While you’re spending time preparing your retraining modules, you’ll be able to evaluate the way your organization goes about processes and perhaps refine those where needed, which can make your organization more efficient, saving time for existing staff as well as those who are being retrained into new roles.
How to retrain your workforce
How do you retrain someone to increase their skill set needed for the vacant roles at your organization? As with any sort of training programme, it’s important to have a plan before you start to keep the process efficient and clear and to keep your employees engaged.
Define the retraining job and set a budget
In order to keep everyone accountable and on the same page, it’s good practice to define exactly what the retraining will entail, and what the budget will be for it. That way it’s easier to track progress and report back.
Prepare a training strategy
First of all: make the training engaging and fun. You’ll get a better return on investment, so to say, when you’re providing appealing training opportunities to staff, whether they’re new hires or existing employees. The uptake of information is better when people feel inspired by the learning opportunity and they’re engaged, wanting to know more.
Breaking down the retraining goals will help determine what training methods would suit best and what mix of tools (face-to-face, video training, microlearning etc) fit the plan best. You can use an LMS, such as GoSkills, to aid your employees’ learning. Create a timeline, organize what’s needed to do the training (facilities, an instructor, computers, TV screens etc). It’s also a good idea to figure out at the start how you’ll evaluate the job retraining program at the end.
Review training material
If you’ve done retraining sessions before, it pays to review the material and make sure it’s updated to reflect the role and industry standards. Once you’ve got that sorted, the rest of the preparation largely depends on whether you’re getting a trainer to do the retraining for you, or if you’re doing it yourself.
If you’re getting someone in to do the retraining for you, it’s important to run through the modules and information that’ll be covered prior to the retraining starting. If you’re running the sessions yourself, think about including visuals and games to make the learning more fun and interactive. Depending on what role you’re retraining for, most of it may take place behind a computer, whereas for other roles it may include lab work, fieldwork or customer-facing work. In all cases, you can put together a training programme that includes different tools and methods to keep things interesting and increase learning uptake.
Evaluate training results
At the end of the job retraining program, you’ll have to review and evaluate the outcomes. As part of this, you can discuss the retraining goals and outcomes with your employees and ask for their feedback on the program. If there are things that were missed, or gaps that become clear after the program has ended, you can pinpoint those and offer additional training.
Wrapping it up
Agility and adaptability are two key skills in life, and they certainly apply to the job market. There is no guarantee that a job an employee was hired to do 10 or even just two years ago will still be in-demand today, or in the future. To keep up with changing industries and economies, it’s important to change tack when necessary and learn new skills to have continuous employment.
This doesn’t just apply to people who find themselves without a job due to mass layoffs or redundancies, but it’s also key for businesses trying to navigate new waters while recruiting. Employee retraining programs can help fill skill gaps and key roles in your organization, while employees can put their agility and adaptability to the test through learning skills for new roles, while building on existing soft skill sets, overall improving their career opportunities in the future.
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