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Scrum for Team Members
Project Management Approaches
Project Management Methodology
Agile/Scrum is a project management methodology. This means that it provides a set of tools and processes that can be used to organize and manage the project activities.
A sequential project management methodology is a traditional approach to project management. It minimizes risk, but this conservative approach can be lengthy and expensive.
The concurrent project management methodology is a collaborative approach. It can significantly accelerate a project as compared to the sequential approach, but it is much more difficult to project manage.
The Agile/Scrum project management methodology is an iterative approach that requires fewer resources than other approaches.
Project Management Methodology Comparisons
The three approaches presented are three very different ways of managing a project. Understanding the differences will enable a business to select the best approach for their projects.
Sprint – Scrum Process
The Agile/Scrum methodology is a structured project management methodology. It follows a prescribed process that includes Sprints and Scrums.
Within the Agile/Scrum project management methodology there are a set of meetings that are used to plan and manage the process. Rather than analytical tools, this methodology relies heavily on the use of specific targeted meetings.
Story Cards, also known as Product Backlog Items (PBIs) are the technique used for documenting project scope, quality requirements, estimates and priority of the deliverables in an Agile/Scrum project.
The product backlog is the prioritized list of project deliverables.
The Scrum Team performs the project work conducted during a Sprint on an Agile/Scrum project.
The Scrum Master is the individual who is responsible for facilitating the Agile/Scrum Sprint process.
Sprint Controls are the project management tools that are used by the Scrum Master and Scrum Team to assess performance.
A clear goal or vision is essential to project success. That is as true with Agile/Scrum as with traditional projects.
Step 1: Preparing the Product Backlog
Preparing the Product Backlog is the first step in the Agile/Scrum Sprint methodology. It includes creating and prioritizing all the Story Cards.
Step 2: Assign Scrum Team
To do the work of the Sprint, a Scrum Team must be assigned.
The Sprint is initiated with a Sprint Planning Session that organizes the work, estimates the effort, and initializes the Scrum Board and Burn Down Chart.
Sprint execution is the actual work of the Scrum team during the Sprint to accomplish the tasks needed to complete each Story in the Sprint Backlog.
Step 5: Sprint Demonstration
The Sprint Demonstration is the formal meeting where the Scrum Team demonstrates to the Product Owner the performance of each deliverable that was created during the Sprint.
Step 7: Sprint Retrospective
The Sprint Retrospective is a lessons learned meeting with a focus of identifying opportunities to improve the performance and management of the next Sprint.
Managing the Sprint
Scrum Teams do not rely on assigned project management roles, rather the team organizes and manages itself.
During a Sprint, the Scrum Team meets daily at a Scrum Meeting to provide status on progress.
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PMI, PMP and PMBOK are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.