## About this lesson

A final look at the illustration and issues with the OFFSET function.

## Exercise files

Download this lessonâ€™s related exercise files.

OFFSET Part 3.xlsx16.2 KB OFFSET Part 3 - Solution.xlsx

16.9 KB

## Quick reference

### OFFSET Part 3

Discover how to use OFFSET function in a formula.

### When to use

In its most basic form, **OFFSET(Ref,x,y)** will select a reference x rows down (**-x** would be **x** rows up) and **y** rows to the right (**-y** would be y rows to the left) of the reference **Ref**.

### Instructions

#### Overview

- The syntax for OFFSET is as follows:
**OFFSET(Reference,Rows,Columns,[Height],[Width])** - The arguments in square brackets (
**Height**and**Width**) can be omitted from the formula (they both have a default value of 1)

#### Example

- The above example will include
**Height**and**Width**in the OFFSET formula. The SUM formula will be used to sum the cells **SUM(OFFSET(E20,,,,-E19))**is saying:- Start at cell
**E20** - Don’t move any rows
- Don’t move any columns
- Ignore the height
- The width will come from the number in cell
**E19**. The (-) in front of cell**E19**instructs excel to move to the left - It then sums cell
**E20**, plus the number of cells to the left of**E20**, specified by cell**E19** - In this example only one cell will be added which =
**25**

- Start at cell

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