About this lesson
Agile/Scrum is a project management methodology. This means that it provides a set of tools and processes that can be used to organize and manage the project activities.
Project Management Methodology
Agile/Scrum is a project management methodology, which means that it provides a set of tools and processes that can be used to organize and manage the project activities.
When to Use Project Management Methodology
Companies use a project management methodology in order to improve the quality and predictability of projects. When there is only one project, the methodology may help on some tasks but its impact is minimal. When there are many projects at different stages with different teams and different goals, a methodology is needed to bring order to the chaos.
A methodology is a set of procedures and tools for planning and managing projects within an organization. It includes the procedures and a definition of roles and responsibilities. Many times it includes mandatory reviews or the mandatory use of systems or tools in order to bring a level of cohesion to project management within the organization.
There are many different methodologies. Each has strengths and weaknesses. A company should carefully select the methodology that meets it project execution needs. The purpose of a project is to execute strategy to create competitive advantage. If the project management methodology does not improve the execution of project activities, it is a waste of time and a detriment to the organization.
At its core, a project management methodology is about communication and risk management. In order to keep the project activities synchronized, there must be regular communication. Many of the project management tools and reviews are intended to improve communication by clarifying both expectations and status. In addition, projects are inherently risky due to their unique nature. Many of the project management tools and processes are intended to expose project risk and assist the project team to analyse and respond to the risk. This is where different methodologies have different levels of effectiveness. Some are very good with one type of risk or communication, but not with other types.
A project management methodology must also be able to address the triple constraints of all projects. That is that there are goals or objectives with respect to scope and the quality of deliverables, schedule and timeline, and resources or the budget and people on the project. Risk in one of these areas inevitably cascades over into the others. A good methodology should be able to balance these constraints.
We will see shortly how the Agile Scrum methodology addresses each of these issues.
Hints and Tips
- When considering what methodology to use make sure you take into account both the types of projects that you do and the culture of the organization.
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PMI, PMP, CAPM and PMBOK are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.