About this lesson
After laying down the flat colors we can begin adding some extra shapes that will serve as our shadows.
When to use
Once you have your base colors figured out and applied we can begin thinking about the shadows.
- Begin by opening the Throwing Shade Exercise.ai file
- Open your custom color swatches once again
- Select the large shadow area on the right side of the chest/neck shape that we filled with a flat color in the previous lesson
- Try some of your colors and decide on a nice shadow color that will work with your main flat color
- Again, make sure that you have a solid fill and a stroke of none
- After changing the color, you may notice that certain parts of the nose/mouth and neck areas are no longer visible
- Just like we did in the previous lesson, we will need to send this backwards by pressing Command/Ctrl+[ until all of our other shapes become visible
- You could also go to the Object Menu and choose Arrange > Send Backward
- If you go too far with sending your shape backwards, you can bring it forward by pressing Command/Ctrl+]
- Once you have established your shadow color, select one of the solid black shapes in your design with the Selection Tool (V)
- Go to the Select Menu and choose Same > Fill and Stroke
- You should now see that all of your solid black shapes are selected at the same time
- Switch to the Eyedropper Tool (I) and sample the shadow color to change all of the black shapes to your shadow color
- If any of the shapes are still appearing as black, make sure that everything is unlocked by going to the Object Menu and choose Unlock All
- Once you unlock any shapes that still show up as black, select the shape, grab your Eyedropper Tool (I) and sample the shadow color to change it
- You may notice that the shadows we created for the inner part of the eye have also changed to the shadow color
- To fix this, select the first shadow shape, then hold down the Shift Key and select the second shadow shape inside of the other eye
- Once both shapes are selected, press 'D' on the keyboard to apply your Default colors (solid white fill with a black stroke)
- Press Shift+X to swap the fill and stroke colors and you should now have a solid black fill and a white stroke
- Next, change the stroke to none so all you have is a solid black shape
- With the shadows still selected, go to the Transparency Panel or access it through the Window Menu and reduce the opacity to 50%
- Change any remaining shapes that have a black stroke into a solid fill color such as the outline for the lower part of the mouth
- There should be a shape on the lower part of the mouth that is appearing hidden, but when we click we can't select it
- In order to select the shape beneath, first select the top shape and lock it by pressing Command/Ctrl+2 on the keyboard
- Continue to select and lock all of the other shapes until you are able to select the shadow shape below
- Next, with your hidden shape selected, go to the Object Menu and choose Arrange > Bring to Front
- There is another shape that appears hidden in the large right shadow area on the chest/neck area
- Select this shape with your Selection Tool (V) and then use your Eyedropper Tool (I) to sample some of your normal base color
- This will provide some contrast and make our shape visible once again
- Change the color of the main nose shape behind the nostrils which should currently be filled with your shadow color and change the main tear drop shape behind them to a lighter 'highlight' color
Hints & tips
- When opening custom swatches, you can dock them to the panels on the right so they will be available to you without having to go through the Window > Swatches menu.
- For many of the menu items such as Arrange > Send Backward, you will notice that the keyboard shortcut is often placed right next to the command for reference.
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